Act, An - An intentional tell intended to give false information about a hand.
Action - Bets or betting - "There's a lot of action on this table."
Add On - An option during a tournament to purchase more chips.
All-in Putting - all of the chips you have at the table into the pot, creating a side pot for the remaining players.
Aggressive - Adjective to describe a player who raises and re-raises and rarely calls.
Angle - An action that isn't against the rules, but still incorporates unfair tactics.
Angle-Shooting - Using unfair tactics.
Ante - 1. The pot. The total amount being wagered on. 2. A forced amount contributed by all players before cards are dealt as a way to create a pot.
Automatic Shuffler - A mechanized box that shuffles a deck (or decks) of cards.
Backdoor - Making a hand other than the one intended. Example: Having J/10 of Clubs with a flop of A of Clubs, 5 of Clubs. 6 of Spades. The turn and river are K & Q of Hearts. You made a straight instead of the intended (and more likely) flush.
Backraise - A re-raise from a player who originally called.
Bad Beat - When a good hand is beat by a longshot draw.
Bankroll - The amount of money you have.
Belly Buster - Straight (Also 'Double Belly Buster') A straight draw that is essentially two gutshots and is more deceptive than an open-ended straight draw. Example: You hold Queen, Ten with a flop of Jack, Ace, Eight.
Bet Odds - The odds you get as a result of evaluating the number of callers to a raise.
Bicycle or Bike - A Straight Ace to Five
Big Blind - The largest blind posted prior to the dealing of cards. This is usually the player sitting two seats to the left of the dealer.
Blank - A useless card.
Blind - A mandatory bet placed before the cards are dealt to force money into the pot. You usually have to post a blind when you join a game.
Bluff - Betting even though you don't have a good hand.
Boat - A full house.
Board, The - 1. The communal cards dealt face up in Hold 'Em that all players can use. 2. The surface these cards are dealt onto. Typically a tabletop.
Bottom Dealing - A form of live cheating where the bottom card is usually preset and dealt instead of the top card.
Bounty - An option in some tournaments where by eliminating a certain player or players, you win a set amount of money.
Bubble - In a tournament, the place right before the lowest money payout. Example: In a tournament where the top ten players received a portion of the prize pool, 11th place would be the bubble.
Burn Card - In Hold 'Em, the cards before the flop, turn, and river that are discarded to prevent reading of marked cards.
Button - A symbol to designate which player is sitting in the dealer's position.
Buy-In - The amount a player spends to get into a game or tournament.
Call - Matching a bet amount.
Calling Station - A passive and loose player who does not raise much, but calls more than he or she should.
Cap or Capping - In a limit game, betting the last amount allowed before the maximum allowed number of raises is reached.
Capped - When betting is no longer allowed in a round because the maximum amount of raises has been reached.
Card Cap - An object (usually a chip) placed on top of your two pocket cards to show that you have an active hand. Also known as a "marker".
Cards Speak - The rule that your hand is the most favorable possible combination of cards, no matter how you call it.
Cash Out - Taking your money and going home.
Changing Gears - When a player switches his style of play.
Check - When no bets are pending, to pass your turn.
Check-Raise - The act of checking, then re-raising a bet.
Chip(s) - Small round disks used in poker that represent a certain amount.
Chip Shuffling - A trick done by casino players where two stacks of chips are "shuffled" together with one hand.
Chop - 1. To split a pot. 2. an agreement between the blinds in a ring game that if all other players fold, they do not pursue the hand any farther and take back their blinds.
Cleaned Out - Being taken for all your money, in Hold 'Em or otherwise.
Clubs - One of the four playing card suits. Formerly representing the working class.
Coffee Housing - Discussing a hand while it is in progress. Considered in bad taste in poker.
Cold Call - To call more than one bet at once as result of a re-raise.
Collusion - A form of cheating where multiple parties help each other in deciding the best course of action.
Community Cards - Communal cards dealt face up in Hold 'Em that all players can use.
Connected - Two sequential pocket cards. Examples : 10/J or 3/4.
Counterfeit - A verb that describes when two higher pair on the board reduces a pocket pair to nothing.
Cover - v. To have more chips than another player.
Crazy Pineapple - A variant of texas holdem where each player gets dealt three cards preflop and discards one of them before the turn card is dealt.
Cutoff or Cutoff Seat - The player to the right of the dealer button. Called so because that player often "cuts off" the button to steal blinds and position.
Dead Button - A situation where only one blind is posted occurring most often when the big blind is eliminated.
Dealer - The man or woman who handles the cards, gives out the pots, and monitors the game.
Dealer's Position - Being the last to act in a betting round. On the button.
Deck Change - Substituting a deck of cards for another. This may be requested by a player or prescribed by the house.
Diamonds - One of the four playing card suits. Formerly representing merchants.
Dominated Hands - Hands that are okay to play, but tend to lose against similar non-straight/flush hands. Example: A2 is dominated because against other hands with an Ace, it loses or draws without improvement.
Dominating Hands - Primo hands that are not only good, solid hands, but have lots of room for improvement.
Double Flop Holdem - A holdem variant where two flops, two turns, and two rivers are dealt out (but can't be mixed) to make a final hand.
Draw - 1. A drawing hand. 2. A game result where multiple players split the pot as result of having equal hands. 3. To take a card from a deck of cards.
Drawing - Playing a hand to improve.
Drawing Dead - A hand that will lose even if it improves.
Drawing Hand - A hand that needs improvement to win. Usually to a straight or flush.
Early Position - Being one of the first to act in a betting round. Usually a disadvantage.
False Shuffle - A form of live cheating where the deck is shuffled in a manner to prearrange the cards.
Fee Money - taken by the house to compensate for expenses in a poker tournament.
Fish - A poor, weak player.
Flop - 1. n. the first three community cards dealt face up on the table. 2. v. used to describe what your hand was after the flop. "I flopped the nuts!"
Flop Games - The family of poker games where five community cards are dealt face up that any player can use. Texas Holdem, Omaha, and Pineapple are also part of this group.
Flush - A poker hand of five cards where the suits all match.
Fold - To give up your hand and forfeit the pot to the remaining players.
Four-of-a-Kind - A poker hand consisting of all four cards of the same type.
Free Card - The card you get as result of semi-bluffing from late or last position so that all the players check to you.
Freezeout - A tournament structure where only the top player gets paid.
Full House - A poker hand consisting of three-of-a-kind and a pair. Worded as the three-of-a-kind being "full" of the pair. Example: Three Aces and Two Tens is verbally declared as a "full house, Aces full of Tens".
Grinding - Playing in a style with minimal risk and modest gains over a long period of time.
Gutshot Draw - A straight draw where only one card will complete the hand.
Hand - 1. The complete playing of all the cards given out in one deal. 2. The cards used by a player.
Heads-Up -When only two players are involved with a hand.
Hearts - One of the four playing card suits. Formerly representing the clergy.
High Limit - A game where the amounts wagered are high.
House, The - The establishment where a game is being held. It may be a casino in Las Vegas, a kitchen table, or an online casino's server in Antigua.
Image - What kind of player others currently perceive you as.
Implied Odds - The odds you are getting after the assumed result of betting for the remainder of the hand.
Jackpot - A prize fund awarded to a player who meets a set of predetermined requirements. For example, some casinos will give a jackpot to someone who gets four-of-a-kind or higher and loses.
Kicker - In a tie hand between one pair, two pair, or three-of-a-kind, the remaining card(s) that make up the hand. The player with the highest card(s) wins.
Kill Game - A game where certain predetermined requirements creates higher stakes and/or create a third blind.
Late Position - Being one of the last to act in a betting round. Usually an advantage.
Limit - 1. See "Structured Limit". 2. Dealing with the money aspect of the game. See "Low Limit", "High Limit".
Limping - Calling a blind pre-flop without raising.
Live Hand - An active hand. One that has not folded.
Live Game - A game where you are physically near the other players.
Long Shot - Making a hand despite having few outs and/or poor odds.
Loose - Adjective to describe a player who plays lots of hands and gets involved with a lot of pots.
Low Limit - A game where the amounts wagered are small.
Main Pot - The first established pot before a player goes all-in and creates a side pot.
Markers - An object (usually a chip) placed on top of your two pocket cards to show that you have an active hand.
Mechanic - A player who has the ability to illegally manipulate cards for favorable results.
Middle Position - Being in between early and late position.
Misdeal - Stopping the hand (most often before it starts) and redealing the hand, usually because of dealer error.
Mneumonics - Mental devices used to remember things. In Hold 'Em, often players have names for what pocket cards they have, like Big Slick or Maverick.
MTT - Abbreviation for Multi-Table Tournament.
Muck - 1. v. To discard your hand, especially after an opponent reveals a better hand. 2. n. The discard pile.
NL - An abbreviation for No Limit.
No Limit - Considered one of the last true forms of poker, where the amount you can bet is limited by the number of chips in front of you.
Nuts, The - The best possible hand.
Odds - 1. The proportion by which one bet differs from that of another. 2. The ratio between the probability for and against something happening.
On the Button - Being the last player to act in a betting round. Dealer's Position.
Online Poker Room - A website or their software that allows you to play poker with other players around the world.
Open-Ended - Adjective to describe a straight draw that can be filled at either end. Twice as easy to complete as a gutshot straight draw. Example: You hold Seven, Eight with a flop of Ace, Nine, Ten.
Option - The big blind's ability to check or raise in an unraised preflop pot.
Outs - The number of cards left in the deck that will improve your hand.
Overcards - Cards higher in rank than the highest card on the board.
Overpair - A pocket pair higher than any of the cards on the board.
Pair - A poker hand comprised of two cards of the same type and three others.
Passive - Adjective to describe a player who frequently calls and rarely bets.
Pineapple - A variant of texas holdem where each player gets dealt three cards preflop and discards one of them.
PL - An abbreviation for Pot Limit.
Pocket Cards - The two cards dealt to you at the beginning of a Hold 'Em hand that no one else is entitled to see.
Poker - A bluffing/strategy game with many variants that uses a standard 52 or 54 card deck.
Position - In a turn-based game like Hold 'Em, your rank in the order of turns. This is typically categorized into early, middle, and late position.
Post - To place down an initial amount before cards are dealt out, either as part of blinds, antes, or for a new player just sitting down at a table.
Pot, The - The amount of money and sum of the bets being wagered on in a game.
Pot Limit - A limit where you may bet up to the size of the pot.
Pot Odds - The odds you get when analyzing the current size of the pot vs. your next call.
Potting Out - An agreement to take money out of a pot for another purpose (cigarettes, pizza, beer, etc.).
Preflop - The space of time after you've been dealt your pocket cards and before the flop is dealt.
Prop Player - A player who is paid by the house to play in games with their own money as a way to fill up games.
Pro - A professional poker player.
Push - To receive all of your money back as a result of a tie. More often used in casino games than in poker.
Rabbit Hunting - Asking to see additional cards even though the hand has already ended.
Rainbow - Used to describe cards of all different suits.
Raise - Putting in the first bet in a round.
Rake - Money taken by the house to compensate for expenses.
Rank of Suits - An uncommon ranking system to determine who wins in a game with no draws. The cards in your final five-card hand are evaluated. The winner is decided by the highest pocket card involved with that hand. The player with the better rank wins. In order the ranks are Spades, Hearts, Diamonds, Clubs. If the players still have the same hand, the highest pocket card is the winner, if it is still a tie then the highest ranked pocket card wins.
Rag - A useless card.
Ratholing - The illegal action of taking money off the table and putting it somewhere else.
Re-raise - Putting in another bet on top of a previous raise or raises.
Reading - Analysis of a player based on how they play, mannerisms, and tells.
Rebuy - An option in some tournaments where after losing all your chips you may purchase more.
Reverse Tell - Intentionally acting in a different way to give a false image.
Ring Game - A normal game, as opposed to a tournament game or a non-money game with your uncles.
River - The fifth and last community card dealt face up in a Hold 'Em game.
Rock - A passive, tight player.
Royal Flush - The highest ranking hand. Having a straight 10 to Ace of all the same suit.
Run, Going on a - A streak of good fortune and/or good play where a player wins a series of hands.
Runner, Runner - When a player hits two running cards to make a hand.
Rush - A winning streak
Sandbagging - Holding back and calling despite the fact that you have a very good hand, usually to disguise strength, provoke bluffs, and to check-raise.
Scared Money - Money that is being played timidly because it is all a player has left.
Scramble - A thorough shuffling technique whereby the shuffler spreads the cards face down over a large area and scrambles them. This is also known as a wash.
Semi-Bluff - Betting with a mediocre or drawing hand
Set - Three-of-a-kind using a pocket pair that matches a card on the board.
Shark - A good player or player who disguises his skill to trick others.
Shill - A player who is paid an hourly rate with house money to play in games as a way to fill them up.
Short Buying - Purchasing chips after your initial purchase. Usually the minimum for a short buy-in is less than the initial buy-in.
Short-Handed - An adjective used to describe a game with few players.
Showdown - The final phase after all betting has ended and players reveal their cards.
Side Pot - Bets made into a new pot after a player has gone all-in.
Signaling - A system used by colluding players to let each other know what they hold.
Slow Playing - Playing deceptively with a strong hand by checking and calling with the intention of raising once the pot is larger.
Small Blind - The smaller or the two blinds posted prior to the dealing of cards. This is usually by the player sitting directly to the left of the dealer.
SNG - Abbreviation for Sit-And-Go Tournament.
Soft Seat - A seat or game which is favorable because of the lack of skill at the table.
Spades - One of the four playing card suits. Formerly representing nobility.
Splashing the Pot - An illegal move where chips are placed in a haphazard way. Such as being tossed directly into the pot before being counted.
Split Pot - When two or more winning hands tie and divide the pot.
Spread Limit - A betting structure where you can bet any amount within a certain range.
Stash - A poker player's "gamblin' money".
Steal Raise - A raise by someone in late position in an attempt to reduce the number of players and/or steal the pot.
Steaming - Being on "Tilt".
Steamrolling - Re-raising to make a player(s) call two bets instead of one.
Straddle - Posting an extra blind when one sits to the left of the big blind.
Straight - A poker hand with five sequential cards. In Hold'Em, Aces can be high or low.
Straight Flush - A poker hand comprised of five sequential cards all of the same suit.
String Bets - Saying "I'll call your bet....and I'll re-raise!", instead of just "Raise" or "Re-raise". Generally not allowed because of ethics involving angle shooting.
String Calls - An illegal call like saying "I've got a pair of Jacks.", then after your opponents have revealed their hands or just simply reacted to that, saying "Oh, and I've also got a pair of sevens, too" or a similar situation.
Structured Limit - The typical limit in land-based casinos, where all players must bet a certain amount before and after the flop, and double that amount on the turn and river.
Suck Out - To win a hand after the flop despite poor odds of winning. Often used in reference to the player who was likely to win. "I had pocket kings against Adam's pocket aces and even though the flop didn't help either of us, I sucked out on him on the river when a king hit."
Suit - A characteristic of a playing card. The card being either of Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, or Spades.
Suited - Usually used in reference to your pocket cards when they are of the same suit.
Super Holdem - See "Tahoe Poker".
Super System - Considered the "Bible of Poker". A manual of poker instruction by Doyle Brunson with contributions from a number of professionals.
Table, The - 1. The surface on which poker is played. 2. A term used in reference to the players at a table. "A tight table."
Table Stakes - The rule that you can only play a hand with the money you have at the table.
Tahoe Poker - A variant of texas holdem and omaha where a player gets dealt three cards instead of two but can use only up to two of them along with the five community cards to make a final hand. Also called "Super Holdem".
Tell - An action that gives clues about the cards someone is holding.
Texas Holdem - A poker variant where each player is dealt two cards, then five communal cards are turned face up on the board.
Three-of-a-Kind - A poker hand consisting of three cards of the same type.
Tight - Adjective to describe a player who selects hands very carefully and folds easily.
Tilt, On - Behavior as a result of losing, usually negative.
Top Pair - Having a pair with the highest card on the board and one in the pocket.
Top Two Pair - Having both your pocket cards match the highest two cards on the board.
Trips - Three-of-a-kind using one of your hole cards that matches a pair on the board.
Turn - The fourth community card dealt face up in a Hold 'Em game.
Two Pair - A hand consisting of two different pairs and one kicker.
Under the Gun - Being the first person to act, being in the earliest position.
Underpair - A pocket pair of lower value than the lowest card on the board.
UTG - Abbreviation for "Under the Gun".
Verbal Declaration - Verbally stating your action, such as "Fold", "Call", or "Raise One Million Dollars". In holdem and most forms of poker, verbal declarations are binding and take precedence over what your hands do.
Value Bet - A bet made from a player with a winning hand intended to get more money in the pot and not to drive a player out of the hand.
Wash - A thorough shuffling technique whereby the shuffler spreads the cards face down over a large area and scrambles them. This is also known as a scramble.
Wired - Having two pocket cards of the same rank.
WPT - The World Poker Tour. A series of televised texas holdem tournaments on the Travel channel.
WSOP - The most prestigious tournament in poker, held at Binion's Horseshoe in Las Vegas.
X - Used in holdem to describe a useless (or forgotten) card when describing the play of a hand. Example: "I had KK and the flop was a rainbow A,K,x. All I had to worry about was AA."
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